Monday, August 18, 2014

Jesus is God's Work most fully revealed

[Jesus lifts Adam and Eve (and you) from their graves in the Resurrection]
the text: John 5:19-29
Jesus said to them, ‘Very truly, I tell you, the Son can do nothing on his own, but only what he sees the Father doing; for whatever the Father does, the Son does likewise. The Father loves the Son and shows him all that he himself is doing; and he will show him greater works than these, so that you will be astonished. Indeed, just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so also the Son gives life to whomsoever he wishes. The Father judges no one but has given all judgment to the Son, so that all may honor the Son just as they honor the Father. Anyone who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent him. Very truly, I tell you, anyone who hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life, and does not come under judgment, but has passed from death to life.

‘Very truly, I tell you, the hour is coming, and is now here, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live. For just as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son also to have life in himself; and he has given him authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of Man. Do not be astonished at this; for the hour is coming when all who are in their graves will hear his voice and will come out—those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of condemnation.

the ideas
Father – Saturday’s text was about Jesus working on the Sabbath and calling it good because the Father is still working. This caused the Jewish leaders to move towards killing Jesus because he called God his own Father and this was equating himself with God.

The Son – Here, on Jesus’ lips, John is fleshing out who Jesus is and why he does what he does. Namely, Jesus is from heaven and does what he is seeing the Father do. Also, the Father has given Jesus specific duties, privileges, and powers.

… only what he sees… - Jesus is the fullest picture of who God is and what God does. Jesus reveals the Father to us.

Jewish Customs  - in previous stories we have seen Jesus talk to Samaritan women, heal on the Sabbath, and predict the destruction of the temple while claiming that he is the temple. How does Jesus, a Jewish carpenter/rabbi, get away with minimizing or breaking proper Jewish customs and laws? John tells us here – Jesus is from the Father, from Heaven, doing only what he sees the Father doing. Not to mention that Jesus has been placed as the judge over all things righteous and unrighteous (as opposed to the Law or Moses). Jesus gets both to the heart of and trumps anything that has come before.

The Father loves… - in classic John style, love is the motivation and goal of all that is being done. More than that, just as Jesus is the fullest picture of who God is, Jesus is the fullest understanding of God’s love. Jesus uncovers for us the heart of the Trinity.

Death and Life – Death and life are major themes in this section. There are two forms that are related but seemingly separate. The last references are about the actual resurrection at the end of time, but more on that later. It is helpful to know that for Jesus, in the book of John, eternal life is the mission. Jesus is inviting us into what he calls eternal life. This doesn’t begin after we die, but right now. In Jesus, there is both eternal life and a literal resurrected life. The dead, then, are not those who are biologically not alive, but those who have not truly walked into eternal life. Jesus is the door to that new reality called eternal life.

Resurrection – many people believe that the end goal of Christianity is for the faithful to live a spiritual existence in heaven. While the saints who are currently asleep (dead) might be in heaven, the goal of God’s work is the transformation of old creation into new creation. That means that we will not ultimately end up as spirit in heaven, but we will have physical, resurrected bodies like Jesus in the merge of heaven and earth known as new creation. According to this passage and others, our options are resurrection to life or condemnation. Again, the way we determine this is by placing faith in Christ as the one who lives and brings true (eternal) life.

the stuff
What does it mean that this humble, compassionate person fully reveals to us the invisible life, love, and work of God the Father?

Even more mind-blowing, what does it mean that this person invites into that life and mission of God?

You are a child of God who dwells in the eternal life of Christ present and available to you now. Live boldly. Live lovely. Live generously.

Who do you need to reconcile with? Who is that person who needs your boldest, most generous love? Maybe it is a friend who you got separated from because of time, distance, or old drama? Maybe you have family, a son, who you haven’t spoken to in 20 years?  Imitate Christ who imitates the Father and humbly invite that person back into your life.



Daily Office Readings, Year 2 - Week of the Tenth Sunday after Pentecost (Proper 15) - (August 17, 2014)



Thursday, August 14, 2014

Royal Official: Second Miracle in Cana

Healing the royal official's son 
by Joseph-Marie Vien, 1752 (Wiki)
the text: John 4:43-54
When the two days were over, he went from that place to Galilee (for Jesus himself had testified that a prophet has no honor in the prophet’s own country). When he came to Galilee, the Galileans welcomed him, since they had seen all that he had done in Jerusalem at the festival; for they too had gone to the festival.

Then he came again to Cana in Galilee where he had changed the water into wine. Now there was a royal official whose son lay ill in Capernaum. When he heard that Jesus had come from Judea to Galilee, he went and begged him to come down and heal his son, for he was at the point of death. Then Jesus said to him, ‘Unless you see signs and wonders you will not believe.’ The official said to him, ‘Sir, come down before my little boy dies.’ Jesus said to him, ‘Go; your son will live.’ The man believed the word that Jesus spoke to him and started on his way. As he was going down, his slaves met him and told him that his child was alive. So he asked them the hour when he began to recover, and they said to him, ‘Yesterday at one in the afternoon the fever left him.’ The father realized that this was the hour when Jesus had said to him, ‘Your son will live.’ So he himself believed, along with his whole household. Now this was the second sign that Jesus did after coming from Judea to Galilee.


the ideas
two days - two days with the Samaritans

Prophet without honor - Matthew 13, Mark 6

Galilean welcome - they welcome him, but because he did miracles at the festival.

Remember - Cana, the wine place.

Capernaum to Galilee - 20 miles.

Unless "you"/y'all - The "you" here is plural. It is directed to the official and the Galileans. 

Works - Jesus does not like to do miracles, or, at least, he distrusts the human nature that requires miracles for faith. See chapter 2:23-25.

...my little boy - how could anyone's heart keep from breaking at such a request? Moreover, this is Jesus' first run-in with death in this gospel. How Jesus matches up with the ultimate enemy of humans and God tells us quite a bit about who Jesus is.

Go; your son will live(s) - This is the present tense. Jesus, who is the Word that brings Life to all people, brings that life to this young boy now, here, in the present. To get that point across, there is a caravan of servants who meet the official and confirm the time he was healed.

The man believed/trusted/placed confidence in the Word - two times we are told he believed. And he did not believe after seeing a sign; he believed after Jesus spoke. This belief led to salvation coming to his whole household (just like the city of Samaritans all coming to faith).

the stuff
There is a pattern going on here. The last time we were in Cana, Jesus' mother wanted Jesus to make wine and he refused her, but did it anyway. Here, the official wants his son to be healed, and Jesus seemingly refuses. But the man's persistence pays off, his son is healed, and his family is brought into Jesus' Kingdom.

As is consistent with other Gospels, Jesus asks us to be persistent in prayer. This isn't a sign that God doesn't care. No, persistence demonstrates deep faith. We have all had those times where we have prayed and nothing happens. I could out atheist any atheist on this point alone. But it is the movement of God to deep cries of faith that reward the type of life Jesus desires for us as we seek entry into eternity.

I do not pretend to understand the mystery of prayer. But I know that Jesus calls the faithful to be in communication with their Father. How is your prayer life? Sporadic? Do you only pray when you need something? Or is it a cultivated habit of a disciplined life that is the source of power and joy in your life? Spend some time in meditative prayer today. Bring your concerns to Jesus. Speak from the heart. Listen for a response. Let it be a time that increases your faith.

Daily Office Readings, Year 2 - Week of the Ninth Sunday after Pentecost (Proper 14) - August 15, 2014

This Thing is Contagious: Woman at the well invites her townsfolk into her journey

the text: John 4:27-42
Just then his disciples came. They were astonished that he was speaking with a woman, but no one said, ‘What do you want?’ or, ‘Why are you speaking with her?’ Then the woman left her water-jar and went back to the city. She said to the people, ‘Come and see a man who told me everything I have ever done! He cannot be the Messiah, can he?’ They left the city and were on their way to him.

Meanwhile the disciples were urging him, ‘Rabbi, eat something.’ But he said to them, ‘I have food to eat that you do not know about.’ So the disciples said to one another, ‘Surely no one has brought him something to eat?’ Jesus said to them, ‘My food is to do the will of him who sent me and to complete his work. Do you not say, “Four months more, then comes the harvest”? But I tell you, look around you, and see how the fields are ripe for harvesting. The reaper is already receiving wages and is gathering fruit for eternal life, so that sower and reaper may rejoice together. For here the saying holds true, “One sows and another reaps.” I sent you to reap that for which you did not labour. Others have laboured, and you have entered into their labor.’

Many Samaritans from that city believed in him because of the woman’s testimony, ‘He told me everything I have ever done.’ So when the Samaritans came to him, they asked him to stay with them; and he stayed there for two days. And many more believed because of his word. They said to the woman, ‘It is no longer because of what you said that we believe, for we have heard for ourselves, and we know that this is truly the Savior of the world.’


the ideas
Astonished Disciples - could not believe he was talking to a Samaritan woman, but they didn't question the rabbi.

The woman left her water jar - First of all, you see that Jesus never drank. He was "thirsty," in yesterday's passage, to start a conversation. Now, you see this little detail about leaving her water-jar. She has found the living water that Jesus offers. She doesn't need her jar any more. Even more exciting, the word for "Jar" or "water-jar" is the same word used when Jesus turned water into wine in chapter 2 with those huge jars. The first miracle of Kingdom abundance is spilling over into these individual lives. Her water-jar, instead of turning into wine, is empty because the river of life in her soul is flowing.

"Come and see" - Another come and see. Though Jesus speaks about spiritual things, what he offers is very tangible. The Spirit is tangible - it is something you experience. You should expect to feel and experience the Holy Spirit in your life working for your transformation, quenching your thirst in faith, and confirming that you are God's child. This is not a grin and bear it kind of faith, this is a "come and see," experience first hand, taste of the living water kind of life.

Remember - sometimes it is easy for us to remember that this woman was a social outcast, even in her own community. That she would be running to these people at all is a thing of mystery. Is she wanting to show them she found the Messiah because that might make up for all her previous failings? Is she proud that the Messiah reveals himself to her first and has come to rub it in their faces? It is probably nothing more than the wild, contagious joy one exudes when finding that one thing missing from your life - all our lives - and, in the spirit of bold love and grace received, boldly offering it to others.

They left... - lots of people want to point out that this woman evangelized, or shared the good news, with her people. Yes and no. She didn't memorize some good points and talk to people, she lived out an experience with Christ and invited others into her journey. There is difference here between asking someone about whether they think they will go to heaven or hell if they died tonight and contagiously radiating Gospel life. Moreover, again "come and see" must be answered in faith with a "left and saw" if we are to encounter Jesus. This is a major theme in John

Jesus isn't hungry or thirsty - doing the will of God is his food. This is soooo like John's Jesus.
Traditional Samaritan clothing

"the fields are ripe WHITE for harvesting" - Many versions  have "ripe" when the word is actually "white." There are a lot people who will talk about some grain turning almost white close to harvest. And this may be true. But there is a deeper meaning here. Remember, the Samaritans, in their traditional garb, are on their way to see Jesus. Imagine this with me: as Jesus is talking about the fields being white/ripe for harvest, the disciples turn around and see a group of Samaritans walking towards them, all wearing their traditional white robes (see the image to the right). There is a multitude of thirsty people who need divine quenching coming towards them. That is the harvest awaiting to be reaped - to offer God's living water to a people without.

from Word to Experience  - from the "come and see" invitation they entered in with faith. From the experience of drinking the living water they experienced for themselves who Jesus is.

the Savior of the world - remember, Jesus does not belong in tribalism. In fact, he comes to bust God out of the boxes, both literal (the temple) and cultural. He comes for the whole world. The Samaritans are the first to experience Jesus stepping outside of Judaism proper. They are the first to recognize this global salvation. Notice, it is no longer about which mountain and which well and which people with them - this is for all.

the stuff
I am an evangelical. This term often brings with it negative connotations from the rest of the world, and probably not without good reason. "Evangelical" has been so strangled and coerced into people's political agendas that the term has become a caricature of what it once was.

Evangelicalism begins roughly in the early 1700's. The movement emphasizes conversion and personal relationship with God through faith, inviting others to experience the new life of that personal relationship, a high view of scripture, and active service for the cause. 

What this has turned into for some is a group that emphasizes conversion by threatening exclusion, inviting others into the faith through debate (apologetics), a fundamentalist/literal view of scripture, and active service in American right-wing politics. I assure you, though this may be one form of evangelicalism, this is only one form.

What does this matter? In this passage, Jesus invites us to be on mission with him in bringing living, spiritual water to broken and thirsty people. Sometimes the church calls this evangelism. But evangelism can be a really scary term and often misused in churches today. 

Instead, consider what Jesus does above. Consider your participation in what Jesus is doing in his mission. He associates himself with broken people who the world sees a "less than." He enters into a relationship with vulnerable people by becoming vulnerable like them (he is thirsty, tired, hungry too). He enters into the lives of the people, lives in their city, serves them, and speaks love and truth into their lives after being invited to do so. He teaches us that we are not alone in this and it is not our job to save any one. There is a sower who has generously been working in the lives of people and communities before we even showed up. Jesus is the savior of the world, we round up the plants that haven been planted. Our job is to be with them, and, like the woman, invite people into the contagious joy and transformation we have and are currently experiencing.

Are you currently experiencing the fruit of a Spirit-filled life? Are you on mission with Jesus? 

Year 2 - Week of the Ninth Sunday after Pentecost (Proper 14) - (August 14, 2014)



Tuesday, August 12, 2014

Jesus Breaks All the Rules

the text: John 4:1-26
Now when Jesus learned that the Pharisees had heard, ‘Jesus is making and baptizing more disciples than John’— although it was not Jesus himself but his disciples who baptized— he left Judea and started back to Galilee. But he had to go through Samaria. So he came to a Samaritan city called Sychar, near the plot of ground that Jacob had given to his son Joseph. Jacob’s well was there, and Jesus, tired out by his journey, was sitting by the well. It was about noon.

A Samaritan woman came to draw water, and Jesus said to her, ‘Give me a drink’. (His disciples had gone to the city to buy food.) The Samaritan woman said to him, ‘How is it that you, a Jew, ask a drink of me, a woman of Samaria?’ (Jews do not share things in common with Samaritans.) Jesus answered her, ‘If you knew the gift of God, and who it is that is saying to you, “Give me a drink”, you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water.’ The woman said to him, ‘Sir, you have no bucket, and the well is deep. Where do you get that living water? Are you greater than our ancestor Jacob, who gave us the well, and with his sons and his flocks drank from it?’ Jesus said to her, ‘Everyone who drinks of this water will be thirsty again, but those who drink of the water that I will give them will never be thirsty. The water that I will give will become in them a spring of water gushing up to eternal life.’ The woman said to him, ‘Sir, give me this water, so that I may never be thirsty or have to keep coming here to draw water.’

Jesus said to her, ‘Go, call your husband, and come back.’ The woman answered him, ‘I have no husband.’ Jesus said to her, ‘You are right in saying, “I have no husband”; for you have had five husbands, and the one you have now is not your husband. What you have said is true!’ The woman said to him, ‘Sir, I see that you are a prophet. Our ancestors worshipped on this mountain, but you say that the place where people must worship is in Jerusalem.’ Jesus said to her, ‘Woman, believe me, the hour is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. You worship what you do not know; we worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews. But the hour is coming, and is now here, when the true worshippers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father seeks such as these to worship him. God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth.’ The woman said to him, ‘I know that Messiah is coming’ (who is called Christ). ‘When he comes, he will proclaim all things to us.’ Jesus said to her, ‘I am he, the one who is speaking to you.’


the ideas
Samaritans worshiping
Jesus doesn't baptize with water - because he baptizes with the Holy Spirit. This doesn't undermine water baptism, which is very important. Jesus is just being set up to be something so much more - living water.

Samaria and Samaritan - Samaritans live in Samaria, which is just outside of Jewish land. These people are racially mixed (Jewish and other races) and proper Jewish people did not associate with these folks. In Harry Potter language, these are the Mud-bloods. Their religion is Judaism mixed with other elements, but they claim to be the true Jewish lineage and worshippers. They traditionally wear all white.

Jacob's stuff - The well and name-dropping of Jacob seem, in my perspective, to give some legitimacy to the situation that is going to take place. Jesus, who was in the land of Judea, now is going to a people who have a connection to Jewish practice, but are usually considered outside the blessed people.

Wells - In the Old Testament, scenes with wells in them usually had sexual connotations and involved women getting married. Something is afoot here, for sure, especially with this morally questionable woman.

Jesus is tired and hungry - While John is adamant that Jesus comes from heaven, he is careful to preserve Jesus' humanity. This whole situation, the one where Jesus breaks all the rules, comes about because Jesus is tired, hungry, and thirsty. He is human.

Samaritan Woman - From an ancient Jewish perspective, this woman has three strikes against her. She is the wrong race, she is the wrong sex, and she is morally reprehensible (the multiple husbands + live in boyfriend = not so good). There is a lot of speculation about why she comes to the well at noon whereas most women traditionally got water earlier in the day. Mostly the speculation settles on her being a social outcast because of her moral state (those pesky husbands). There may be a lot of truth to this historically, but the text doesn't say. 

Unholy, improper boldness - this woman knows the rules. "Our kind does not associate with your kind, and your kind is usually more arrogant about this whole mess" (paraphrase). In case his audience didn't catch the heavy social awkwardness, John adds a parenthetical about Jews and Samaritans. As a subjected person, she reminds Jesus that he is walking into a social faux pas. She may even be coming off as holier than Jesus, at this point, because she is the one maintaing proper social customs.

Jesus epiphany - Remember what we said earlier, when Jesus is in a conversation he tries to bring the conversation to a point where he reveals who he truly is and invites people into his mission to live into eternal life now. Here, Jesus cuts through the awkwardness and gets to the business at hand. With Nicodemus in ch. 3 Jesus gets real confusing. With this woman, he gets to the point. This, to me, is grace on the part of Jesus. With the people, whom he loves, he gives them grace and love. He makes it easier. He comes closer and reveals himself in a fuller way.

"Are you greater..." - Jesus points to the well and says that this well, the one from Jacob, only deters thirst. Jesus has a water that is eternally quenching. Her interest is high. But she asks a question that also gets to the heart of the matter - "are you greater than Jacob? Not only Jacob, but my whole people and tradition, which we think is handed down from Jacob and his God?" - Jesus' answer: Yep, but only if you think everlasting water is better than regular water.

Living Water - Jesus is not offering literal water, but everlasting spiritual nourishment that quenches the thirst for something that we are without. A quenching of that desire for God that all humans possess, which we now find in the closeness of Christ. Blaise Pascal, a famous French scientist, philosopher, theologian, says, "What else does this craving, and this helplessness, proclaim but that there was once in man a true happiness, of which all that now remains is the empty print and trace This he tries in vain to fill with everything around him... this infinite abyss can be filled only with an infinite and immutable object; in other words by God himself” (Pensees).

Husband(s) - Just as she is buying what Jesus is selling, he brings up her marital situation. A lot of people and scholars look at this as Jesus cutting her to the quick to bring out her sin so that she can repent and believe the good news. This may be true, but I disagree. She already wants something new. To me, Jesus brings up her marital situation because it is symptomatic of her thirst. She wants love. She wants to be known. She wants to be safe and happy and in relationship with someone who values her, loves her, respects her, and honors her - just as all humans do. But her situation seems more desperate as there are so many publicly failed attempts. Jesus never condemns. Jesus never even says, "Go and sin no more" as he has a million times before. This isn't to say she is wrong or right, but, more importantly, Jesus dives into her desire and lack of being quenched. He is addressing her, and offering her eternal-life fulfillment in the Kingdom of God. 

This is too awkward, let's change the conversation - she acknowledges that Jesus is totally right and then moves the conversation from a personal level to an ancient theological debate (this is my kind of gal). My mountain or your mountain? My people or yours? "Mountain" - Probably Mount Gerizim, but it doesn't matter to Jesus or John. 

More spiritual stuff, Jesus? - Jesus gives a nod to the Jews, but ultimately salvation comes from the Jews because Jesus is Jewish. On the whole, mountains and people groups are not determining factors for who is right. Jesus ushers in the new point of human history ("is coming and now here") where racial and religious barriers are broken down. God is not bound to any people group, and this even means the Jewish temple in Jerusalem. No, God's new realm, the Kingdom, has come and everyone is invited to enter through Jesus Christ.

I AM the Messiah - Again, usually Jesus isn't this transparent. After giving in to her changing of the subject, he comes right out and says that he is the Messiah that was to come. More than that, there are a number of "I AM" sayings in John. These are very important. Many scholars believe that Jesus is reclaiming the divine name that God gave to God's-self when he was talking to Moses and Moses asks "who should I say sent me?" "God said to Moses, ‘I AM who I AM.’ He said further, ‘Thus you shall say to the Israelites, "I AM has sent me to you"'" (Exodus 3). When Jesus makes an I AM statement, it is believed that he is associating himself with God in such a way that God is now present with the people in him - present with the people in a Exodus sense who leads them out of darkness (currently religious and political darkness) into the light of the Promised land ("light" being Jesus and "Promised Land" being the Kingdom of God). 

the ideas
There is so much here. Worship could be emphasized. Go and worship in spirit and truth. 

Jesus breaks down social barriers that impede people from experiencing the Good News of freedom, justice, and love - this should not be missed. Assess your prejudices and destroy them. African Americans? Illegal immigrants? Middle Easterners? Or have you given up on someone closer to home? A lazy sister? A hard-hearted mother? A failed son? Don't give up on someone being able to come in, or you may be the one in danger of missing out. 

Assess whether or not you are living a life the keeps people out of the kingdom by your comfort, clothes, wealth, jewelry, politics, habits, hobbies, etc. Do you live in such a way that creates walls for someone entering into the church?

Find your lingering thirsts and admit you are thirsty like Jesus, the Son of God from heaven. Find your quenching in Jesus. Do not let them fester underneath. Secrecy is as dangerous as giving in to them. Get help. Lean into the everlasting water. There is healing and wholeness here in this well.

But, if there is one thing I could have you do, it would be to watch this sermon from a beloved professor of mine who is a national, if not global, expert on gospel reconciliation:

I've Got A River of Life: Brenda Salter-McNeil

Week of the Ninth Sunday after Pentecost (Proper 14, Aug. 13, 2014)

More isn't Less: August 12, 2014

the text: John 3:22-36

After this Jesus and his disciples went into the Judean countryside, and he spent some time there with them and baptized. John also was baptizing at Aenon near Salim because water was abundant there; and people kept coming and were being baptized— John, of course, had not yet been thrown into prison.

Now a discussion about purification arose between John’s disciples and a Jew. They came to John and said to him, ‘Rabbi, the one who was with you across the Jordan, to whom you testified, here he is baptizing, and all are going to him.’ John answered, ‘No one can receive anything except what has been given from heaven. You yourselves are my witnesses that I said, “I am not the Messiah, but I have been sent ahead of him.” He who has the bride is the bridegroom. The friend of the bridegroom, who stands and hears him, rejoices greatly at the bridegroom’s voice. For this reason my joy has been fulfilled. He must increase, but I must decrease.’

The one who comes from above is above all; the one who is of the earth belongs to the earth and speaks about earthly things. The one who comes from heaven is above all. He testifies to what he has seen and heard, yet no one accepts his testimony. Whoever has accepted his testimony has certified this, that God is true. He whom God has sent speaks the words of God, for he gives the Spirit without measure. The Father loves the Son and has placed all things in his hands. Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life; whoever disobeys the Son will not see life, but must endure God’s wrath.

the ideas
Baptized - How cool would it be to be baptized by Jesus? Oh the grace and blessing. Two things of note about this. Though this passage makes it seem like Jesus was baptizing people, the first two verses of chapter 4 tell us that it wasn't actually Jesus who baptized but his disciples. I imagine if Jesus did baptize someone, we humans would mess that up. 1 Cor. 1 Paul talks a little about all that. The good news, Jesus does baptize with something more than water - he baptizes with the Spirit, which he pours out generously.

Judea and Aenon near Salim - the greek for "Judean countryside" is actually the "Land of Judea." The towns where John the Baptist (JtB) are translated "Springs" and "Peace." There may be something here. The author may be showing that Jesus has come to Judea - Judea meaning Jewish or "of the Jews." Jesus, a Jewish man, has come to the Jewish nation, but he has something else in mind than being a tribal religious leader. JtB on the other hand baptizes with Springs of Peace, but I see this contrasted with chapter 4 where Jesus offers living water of eternal life. This makes sense when we see JtB bend over backwards affirming the importance of Jesus and not himself.

JtB; the best man - JtB realizes this is not his wedding, but he is thrilled to play second fiddle to the groom, Jesus. He is from the Earth (below) and recognizes that Jesus is from above ("above" being the same word as the earlier passage about being "born from above"). Again, JtB spends a lot of time falling all over himself about he being lesser than Jesus. This climaxes in the famous, "He must increase, I must decrease."

Where is Jesus from? - Again, John's Gospel wants us to be very clear that Jesus comes from heaven. This remains in open tension that he is a Jewish man in the land of Judea. What I find most interesting about JtB's imagery "from the earth," "from above," and "from heaven" is that traditionally Christians have affirmed that Jesus comes from all these places. He comes from below and above, from earth and from heaven. Though he is above all, he serves as if he were the slave of all. Again, this is going to have the religious and governmental leaders all messed up.

the stuff
There is an contemporary atmosphere of wanting to be greater. We think, "if only I had more, did more, lived more, earned more, achieved more, I could do so much more - I could do so much more for Jesus." More than that we fight for power and authority and position in our families, jobs, and national politics. We think more power will mean more influence for God. Rarely does this pan out. We are to become less so that Christ can become more.

The greatest thing we can do is, according to this passage, trust in Christ. And that gives us eternal life and the Spirit. There is no promise of influence or blessing or political power. John the Baptist is going to jail for political crimes and he will not make it out alive. No, our influence resides in the Kingdom of God, our boldness comes from our eternal horizon, and our power comes in being able to pour out self-denying, self-giving love. This isn't to spiritualize the blessings of Christ. No, they are real and tangible, but they do not play by the rules of this earth. They fly in the face of these powers and riches and comforts. But they bring hope, and joy, and love, and encouragment. And these are the tools to live an beautiful, eternal life in the coming Kingdom of God.

One of the surest signs that we breathe of the atmosphere of "more is better" is if we are concerned with making everything else "Christian" besides our selves. If we think the answer involves having Christian children or Christian schools or a Christian nation, and, yet, neglect our own spiritual well-being we will surely miss out. Our desire to have more impedes our ability to see Christ as more than us. Our hope to have more influence deters our ability to feel Christ's transforming influence in us. Our striving for more power over others, even for good, makes us grow cold to the godly power Christ offers us to conquer our selves. 

Consider your life's goal and ambition today. What is your definition of success? What are you willing to do to get it? Does your life, as a Christian, lead to the fulfillment of the American dream? Or, by the empowerment of the Holy Spirit in seeking to be less, do you hope to be more like Christ? Your patterns and work and hopes will lead you where you want to go. You just need to make sure you want be where you end up. 

Instead, consider the life that leads to truth, and beauty, and love - consider the life of Christ. Believing or trusting in Christ does not mean that we believe Christ existed. Trusting in Christ means that we believe the life Christ lives - self-denying, self-giving, Spirit-filled, Joyously bold, Cross destined  - is the good and beautiful life that God offers us, Jesus came to model for us, and the Spirit has come to empower us towards.


Monday, August 11, 2014

Sometimes Jesus is confusing (John 3): August 11, 2014

the text: John 3:1-21
Now there was a Pharisee named Nicodemus, a leader of the Jews. He came to Jesus by night and said to him, ‘Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher who has come from God; for no one can do these signs that you do apart from the presence of God.’ Jesus answered him, ‘Very truly, I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God without being born from above.’ Nicodemus said to him, ‘How can anyone be born after having grown old? Can one enter a second time into the mother’s womb and be born?’ Jesus answered, ‘Very truly, I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God without being born of water and Spirit. What is born of the flesh is flesh, and what is born of the Spirit is spirit. Do not be astonished that I said to you, “You must be born from above.” The wind blows where it chooses, and you hear the sound of it, but you do not know where it comes from or where it goes. So it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit.’ Nicodemus said to him, ‘How can these things be?’ Jesus answered him, ‘Are you a teacher of Israel, and yet you do not understand these things?

‘Very truly, I tell you, we speak of what we know and testify to what we have seen; yet you do not receive our testimony. If I have told you about earthly things and you do not believe, how can you believe if I tell you about heavenly things? No one has ascended into heaven except the one who descended from heaven, the Son of Man. And just as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up, that whoever believes in him may have eternal life.

‘For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him may not perish but may have eternal life.

‘Indeed, God did not send the Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him. Those who believe in him are not condemned; but those who do not believe are condemned already, because they have not believed in the name of the only Son of God. And this is the judgement, that the light has come into the world, and people loved darkness rather than light because their deeds were evil. For all who do evil hate the light and do not come to the light, so that their deeds may not be exposed. But those who do what is true come to the light, so that it may be clearly seen that their deeds have been done in God.’

the ideas
Nicodemus (Nic) - The scripture passage tells us that Nic comes in the dark and calls Jesus rabbi. The darkness is symbolic as it represents his religious state. Jesus is the light of the world, in John, and darkness will not overcome the light. A question: is Nic sincere in his questioning or contradictory? Scholars are divided, but the light/dark language may help. Nic also flatters Jesus with complimenting his signs and calling him rabbi. Jesus sees right through it. Moreover, calling Jesus a rabbi who comes from God is like saying "God is with you" and does not recognize that Jesus comes from God.

Jesus conversations - in the book of John, Jesus tries to converse in such a way that he brings people to a revelation, an epiphany, about who he is. Often times he is confusing. Sometimes I wonder if he is confusing on purpose to help people who think they have it all figured out have a little doubt about the right-ness.

Kingdom of God - The Gospel of John talks much more about Eternal life rather than the Kingdom of God. With the Synoptics (Matt, Mark, Luke) it is the opposite. In fact, the Kingdom only gets mentioned here, with the religious leader, and in chapter 18, with Pilate the government leader. Kingdom, in Nic's understanding, comes at the end of time, but Jesus stresses the NOW-NESS of the kingdom.

Above/Anew/Again - The word Jesus uses could mean any of these ideas (triple entendre?). Nic obviously assumes again or anew because he asks the question about climbing back into our mother's womb. Jesus shows us that it is about being born from above. More than that, Jesus reprimands Nic here. It is not those who see Jesus' signs that see the Kingdom. Only those who have been born from above have eyes to see the Kingdom of God.

Water/Spirit - Lots of debate throughout Church history about this passage. Is this really about water baptism and the indwelling of the Spirit? Maybe. It could be about different births, water being human and Spirit is spiritual from above. Often theologians want to link this to our practice of baptism; I don't think this is too far from the truth, but ultimately I think there are as many interpretations as interpreters. Again, who knows?

Moses and the Snake - Jesus relates his story to the story of Moses lifting the serpent (Numbers 21). Essentially, God releases snakes on the people for their rebellion. Moses made this bronze snake and anyone who was bit would only have to look at the snake and they would be healed. We see the bronze snake still in medical imagery. Jesus uses the phrase "lifted up" because it has two meanings. Jesus will literally be lifted up on the cross like the snake. But Jesus being lifted up on the cross is also Jesus being glorified and exalted. This is where Jesus reveals himself. He is the Son of Man who has come from heaven. Anyone who looks at Jesus as one exalted on the cross will have eternal life.

Gospel is for All - God loves the whole world and whoever looks on Jesus will leave the darkness and find the light of salvation. Here Jesus is continuing his ministry of busting down the walls put up around God and inviting everyone in. 3:16 is probably the most popular verse in Christianity right now.

Spoiler Alert - Nic shows up later in the story, after Jesus is "lifted up."

the stuff
When you think about the cross of Christ do you think triumph or defeat? If triumph, do you usually think about your individual sins being taken care of or is there global work being done?

If we have a hard time looking at the cross as the triumph of God for the whole world, then we may need to pray for fresh water. Moreover, if we don't see that the cross is our own destination, and that by taking up our cross daily we cannot see God without it, we might need a baptism of the Spirit.

Often we are like Nicodemus. We like Rabbi Jesus who does some miracles. The water into wine trick was pretty sweeeeeeettttt. But Jesus refuses the flattery and the miracles. In fact, at the end of chapter 2, he refused to entrust himself to those who were patting his back over signs. Jesus is not interested in being a miracle worker. He prefers to help people move into the Kingdom that is here and the eternal life that is now. We do this by casting our lot in with the Jesus who has been crucified. We do this by taking up our own crosses.

Think of something you could give up this week. What is something indulgent or comfortable that you have made a habit that you could, and maybe should, give up? Maybe it is that sugary coffee drink. Maybe it is that extra long shower you take everyday. Maybe it is the amount of time you spend social networking on the phone. Maybe it is soda or cheese or tv time. Whatever isn't beneficial or edifying and actually may be detrimental to your physical or spiritual life, think about going without it this week. During that time or comfort, invite the Spirit into your life specifically asking that you have eyes to see the Kingdom around and eyes to see the cross of Christ as God's victory. 



 

Friday, August 8, 2014

God in a Box, God in a Bod: August 9, 2014

the text: John 2:13-25
The Passover of the Jews was near, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. In the temple he found people selling cattle, sheep, and doves, and the money-changers seated at their tables. Making a whip of cords, he drove all of them out of the temple, both the sheep and the cattle. He also poured out the coins of the money-changers and overturned their tables. He told those who were selling the doves, ‘Take these things out of here! Stop making my Father’s house a market-place!’ His disciples remembered that it was written, ‘Zeal for your house will consume me.’ The Jews then said to him, ‘What sign can you show us for doing this?’ Jesus answered them, ‘Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.’ The Jews then said, ‘This temple has been under construction for forty-six years, and will you raise it up in three days?’ But he was speaking of the temple of his body. After he was raised from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this; and they believed the scripture and the word that Jesus had spoken.

When he was in Jerusalem during the Passover festival, many believed in his name because they saw the signs that he was doing. But Jesus on his part would not entrust himself to them, because he knew all people and needed no one to testify about anyone; for he himself knew what was in everyone.

the ideas
In the beginning…? – There are so many interesting things about Jesus’ temple act in the book of John. I will try to be brief. John’s account is at the beginning of Jesus’ ministry, whereas Matt, Mark and Luke have theirs near the end of Jesus’ public ministry. Why? We’re not sure other than the writers are more interested in themes and theology than chronology.

The Whips – John is the only gospel to report that Jesus used the whips. Sometimes people want to argue whether or not Jesus used them only on the animals or the people too. I like the NRSV above because it clearly points out what was intended for who. Jesus does get angry, giving us a model for anger at injustice, but he never violates his character by assaulting human beings. A million more words could be written here about Jesus' confrontation of those who have turned worship into a business, often excluding the poorer class. We could speak about the injustices, non-violence, and Jesus' preferential option for the poor, but that is only a part of this passage. The main thrust is much bigger. Jesus isn't only angry because of these people with money commodifying holy things. Jesus is dismantling a system that puts boundaries around who can access God.

Jesus’ Body is a temple-land (cue John Mayer) – John reveals the meaning of one of Jesus’ mysterious sayings so we don’t have to wonder. Jesus is claiming that his body is the new temple. Well, what is a temple good for anyway? For one, it is where God lives. Second, it is where people come to meet God, usually by prayer and atoning for their sins by bringing animals to be sacrificed. And third, to celebrate life with God in the bringing of tithes, offerings, dedicating children, etc. But Jesus’ act with the whips is more than zeal for the temple. Often people want to title this section “Jesus cleanses the temple,” but cleansing is far from his mind. Jesus’ act is a symbolic act of destruction and replacing. The temple is old hat. Jesus’ body is the new place where believers encounter God. Jesus’ body is the once-and-for-all atoning sacrifice through the cross. Jesus is the life abundant that we celebrate. This is why Christians don't build temples; Jesus is our temple. John Wesley writes that Jesus was “… [probably] pointing, while he spoke, to his body, the temple and habitation of the Godhead.”

Passover – What I find most interesting about the Passover here, besides Jesus, a Jewish man, making giant, contrary, theological claims about himself, is that this is a holy season. This is the time we would have fasted and prayed, and, yet, the hearts of humans are closed to the divinity that is in front of them - so much so that Jesus did not entrust himself to them.

the stuff
Here we have Jesus’ first claims about himself. This temple action sets up for us a lens for how we are to understand what Jesus is doing and saying throughout the rest of the Gospel. And what he is saying is, in part, that he is the new temple. Jesus is the place and the means by which we are in relationship with God. When we believe and trust into Jesus, we have access to boldly approach our Father. Because what Jesus reveals here is that God is not confined to a building or to a people. God is everywhere and for all. Jesus has broken the walls down to who and how we access the Father. We can, now, come to the God through Christ by the Holy Spirit at all times and for all manner of things.  The author of Hebrews encourages us similarly, “Therefore, my friends, since we have confidence to enter the sanctuary by the blood of Jesus, by the new and living way that he opened for us through the curtain (that is, through his flesh), and since we have a great priest over the house of God, let us approach with a true heart in full assurance of faith…” (Hebrews 10:19-23).

Today is Saturday, traditionally a day of rest. Take some time to pray today. Sit in meditation on this passage. Pray for a long period of time in a restful posture (a hammock, laying in your bed, in your prayer closet, in the bath, in your favorite chair). Allow for silence. Allow yourself to hear from Christ. Ask questions and don’t just pray through your to-do list. Do pray through distractions and wanderings that your mind will bring up (it’s ok, we all do it, press on). Pray through your journey with Christ. Where are you honestly? Where do you hope to be?

Jesus is the place where heaven meets earth. Grab your whips and clear out the things that separate you from God. And then come and see, with bold faith, that Jesus is where God is, that there is pardon and healing for brokenness here, that there is life and joy and wholeness here.





150 Gallons of Water into Wine: August 8, 2014

the text: John 2:2-12
Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding. When the wine gave out, the mother of Jesus said to him, ‘They have no wine.’ And Jesus said to her, ‘Woman, what concern is that to you and to me? My hour has not yet come.’ His mother said to the servants, ‘Do whatever he tells you.’ Now standing there were six stone water-jars for the Jewish rites of purification, each holding twenty or thirty gallons. Jesus said to them, ‘Fill the jars with water.’ And they filled them up to the brim. He said to them, ‘Now draw some out, and take it to the chief steward.’ So they took it. When the steward tasted the water that had become wine, and did not know where it came from (though the servants who had drawn the water knew), the steward called the bridegroom and said to him, ‘Everyone serves the good wine first, and then the inferior wine after the guests have become drunk. But you have kept the good wine until now.’ Jesus did this, the first of his signs, in Cana of Galilee, and revealed his glory; and his disciples believed in him.

After this he went down to Capernaum with his mother, his brothers, and his disciples; and they remained there for a few days.

the ideas
Jesus’ Mother/Women – You should notice that in the Gospel of John Jesus’ mother is not named one time. We know her name from other Gospels, but this Gospel purposely leaves it out. What we get is Jesus distancing himself from his mother with his language and actions (though he does end up obeying). There are many speculations as to why this is. I have a few of my own. Theologically speaking, Jesus, in chapter 1, comes from God. Jesus comes from heaven and he is, therefore, associated more closely with his Heavenly Father than his earthy mother. His obedience speaks volumes to his character though. We know that if Jesus is obedient to his mother in this small thing, he will be obedient to his Father in taking up the cross. Famously, it is on the cross where Jesus acknowledges his mother and provides for her.

Chapters 2:1 – 12:50 – these represent Jesus’ public ministry. Chapter 13 begins the “upper room discourse” which is much more private as it is directed to the disciples.

The Jars – We have already seen that Jesus confounds the Jewish religious elites. Moreover, John tells us that Jesus is doing something that fulfills and is greater than the Old Testament or Moses (1:17). At the end of chapter 1 the new disciple tells us that all the Law and Prophets have pointed to Jesus. So it is not surprising for us that these jars, used for Jewish purification rites (washing utensils and hands and stuff), mean something more than just random jars. By being filled to the brim, there is a symbolic representation that the old ceremonial rites have been fulfilled.

Chief Steward – Notice that the water turns to wine and the chief steward doesn’t know where it came from. Just like the religious elite do not know what John the Baptist’s baptism is for. Just like they don’t know where Jesus comes from – even as he stands among them. Only those who drew from the jars knew where it came from.

The Wine – Jesus is going to talk so much about eternal life in the coming chapters. We, as humans, usually think this is some spiritual existence that happens after we die. To counteract this false notion of eternal life Jesus uses lavish and rich physical elements of this life to show us that the Kingdom of God has arrived and eternal life is ready for us to enter into now. More than that, this is not the cheap wine, but the best wine. The Kingdom is extravagant and tangible and lavish and rich.

the stuff
Jesus comes to fulfill the old way of rules and laws and judgments. He brings instead a generous Kingdom that, even in reluctance, brings out the choice banquet drink -and not just some, gallons upon gallons upon gallons.

What is your picture of God? Do you see a judgmental, bearded God just absolutely angry with you for all your flaws and sins? Or do you see Jesus at a wedding banquet, a party, inviting you to wholeness and healing as you feast on his generosity and richness? One of my favorite Christian sociologists, Tony Campolo, wrote a book with the wonderful title The Kingdom of God is a Party. With the images we have in this scene, how could we disagree?

There is so much we have to give up so we can comfortably live in the Kingdom of God. We have to give up the world, our selves as we know them, our definitions of success, power, wealth and the means to achieve them. But we don’t give them up for a crotchety, dead religion that makes us more miserable than before. No, Jesus invites us to a feast - a feast that endures forever. Jesus invites us to the best life, one that follows after him, full of grace and truth, not held back by the old ways, surrounded by friends and family. James Bryan Smith puts it this way, “And what is the point of this religion? To get us to heaven? No, to get heaven into us” (The Good and Beautiful Life, p. 10). We get heaven into us by partaking at the feast of the new creation.


Eat a rich and delicious meal tonight with your family or friends.. Enjoy the process of making something from scratch. Use the good dishes. Drink in a beautiful cinematic masterpiece. Get back into drawing or writing or painting. Read some fine poetry or put on your favorite album and listen to the whole thing. Put simply, find something edifying that you can taste, touch, feel, smell, or see and enjoy it. Waste some time on it. Use some money for it. Share it with others. This is your sign of the kingdom today. This is your 150 gallons of Kingdom wine at the wedding feast of the New Creation.

Thursday, August 7, 2014

"Come and See" Means You Can't Stay: August 7, 2014

the text: John 1:43-51
The next day Jesus decided to go to Galilee. He found Philip and said to him, ‘Follow me.’ Now Philip was from Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. Philip found Nathanael and said to him, ‘We have found him about whom Moses in the law and also the prophets wrote, Jesus son of Joseph from Nazareth.’ Nathanael said to him, ‘Can anything good come out of Nazareth?’ Philip said to him, ‘Come and see.’ When Jesus saw Nathanael coming towards him, he said of him, ‘Here is truly an Israelite in whom there is no deceit!’ Nathanael asked him, ‘Where did you come to know me?’ Jesus answered, ‘I saw you under the fig tree before Philip called you.’ Nathanael replied, ‘Rabbi, you are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel!’ Jesus answered, ‘Do you believe because I told you that I saw you under the fig tree? You will see greater things than these.’ And he said to him, ‘Very truly, I tell you, you will see heaven opened and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of Man.’

the ideas
“The next day” -  days seem to be important to John. Each new day seems to bring something new. The climax is Easter when during Jesus’ resurrection John tells us a few times that it was the “first day of the week” (Sunday – first day of the week – Resurrection Sunday – first day of new creation).

Galilee” – Jesus centers his ministry around Galilee for a number of reasons. Partly because the religious elite end up trying to kill him (7:1), and partly, I believe, because no one expects Jesus to come from Galilee. Where Jesus comes from astounds the religious leaders. They can’t believe he is from heaven, but being from Galilee is equally unbelievable. Look at the verse above, “Can anything good come from Nazareth?” (which is in Galilee). Something very similar happens in John 7:41-52.

The Law and the prophets – Jesus, from Nazareth, Joseph’s son, is the one all the Old Testament is pointing to. One small miracle leads Nathanial to claim that Jesus is the Son of God and the King of Israel. We get the tension that Jesus is both the eternal Logos (Word) of God and a human born from another human who lived in some town in the middle of nowhere. Theologically this is what the Church calls Hypostatic union – we believe that Jesus is fully God and fully human in one person.

“Come and See” – this is the second “Come and see” we get in this chapter. The first time Jesus says it. Now Philip invites Nathaniel to it.

the stuff
Each new day God is doing something incredible. God is working towards the transformation and restoration of all. Each new day brings new mercies and a continued proving of God’s faithful love. But this love comes from unexpected places – it comes from Nazareth in Galilee.

We cannot grow comfortable in our understanding of where God is and what God is doing. We must keep our eyes open. We must continually respond to the invitation to come and see or soon we will forget that God’s love comes from Nazareth - that it comes from the place where we least expect it.

Are you expecting new results from the same, tired routine or have you given up on the old routines because they stopped working? Pray for fresh vision, for fresh wind, for fresh heavenly bread and living water. God is active. God is ministering to this world; it just may be in the place you’ve never thought to look.

Jesus’ loving kindness is constant and for all, but there is an invitation to “come and see.” It requires that we move from our current comfort to somewhere else, something less comfortable. When we do, Jesus’ healing is tangible. It is something that we can experience here and now. This is the “see” part.

Invite your neighbor to dinner to hear their life story – no, not that neighbor, the neighbor you wouldn’t usually invite. Call your grandma and ask her about her parents’ faith and church life. Ask a stranger what their favorite thing about Jesus is. I bet the answer will astound you. Pray for God to give you an amazing dream tonight about something, anything – maybe angels descending. Or simply ask Jesus to soften your heart in a way that makes you that much more loving towards a difficult family member, co-worker, fellow church member, or neighbor.

This is Jesus, the Son of God, Joseph’s son, from Galilee -  come and see.

Wednesday, August 6, 2014

The Spirit and the World: August 6, 2014

the text: John 1:29-42
 The next day he [John the Baptist] saw Jesus coming towards him and declared, ‘Here is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! This is he of whom I said, “After me comes a man who ranks ahead of me because he was before me.” I myself did not know him; but I came baptizing with water for this reason, that he might be revealed to Israel.’ And John testified, ‘I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it remained on him. I myself did not know him, but the one who sent me to baptize with water said to me, “He on whom you see the Spirit descend and remain is the one who baptizes with the Holy Spirit.” And I myself have seen and have testified that this is the Son of God.’

The next day John again was standing with two of his disciples, and as he watched Jesus walk by, he exclaimed, ‘Look, here is the Lamb of God!’ The two disciples heard him say this, and they followed Jesus. When Jesus turned and saw them following, he said to them, ‘What are you looking for?’ They said to him, ‘Rabbi’ (which translated means Teacher), ‘where are you staying?’ He said to them, ‘Come and see.’ They came and saw where he was staying, and they remained with him that day. It was about four o’clock in the afternoon. One of the two who heard John speak and followed him was Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother. He first found his brother Simon and said to him, ‘We have found the Messiah’ (which is translated Anointed). He brought Simon to Jesus, who looked at him and said, ‘You are Simon son of John. You are to be called Cephas’ (which is translated Peter).

the ideas
~As much as John chapter 1 wants to make sure we all know Jesus comes from heaven, equally it wants to point out that John the Baptist is pointing away from himself to something bigger, something that “ranks ahead” of him. I am beginning to the think that part of the reason this Gospel was written was to downplay the importance of John the Baptist in the early church. John had a pretty big following early on. This section of scripture has disciples of John leaving to follow Jesus. Again, we read in Acts 19 that there were people who lived under John’s baptism. To this day there are people, called Mandaeans, who reject Jesus but hold John the Baptist’s teaching in the highest regard: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandaeism. What makes this very interesting to me is that John the Baptist doesn’t baptize Jesus in this Gospel. Matthew, Mark, and Luke all have John baptizing Jesus. This Gospel skips the baptism and jumps right to JtB testifying about the Holy Spirit descending like a dove (just like the other Gospels). In the other Gospels, John is humble and almost refuses to baptize because Jesus is so much more important. It almost seems as if this Gospel takes John up on the offer.

~Currently, the Church is in the season called Pentecost (Advent, Christmas, Epiphany, Lent, Easter, Pentecost...). We celebrate many things during this time, not least important is when the Holy Spirit was poured out on the Church and filled each and every believer (Acts 2). Here we see two things: (1) Jesus has a deep connection with the Holy Spirit – it descends on him like a dove, and (2) Jesus is the one who pours out the Holy Spirit on us.

~This passage has two sections that begin with the “next day” and John declaring the Jesus is the Lamb of God. Day after day John preaches the gospel faithfully. Jesus ministry is a ministry of sacrifice. The Lamb will be killed, but it will have reverberating effects throughout the cosmos.

~In the second half of this scripture we have three words translated for us (Rabbi, Messiah, and Cephas). This tells us something about the audience of this Gospel. Since the Hebrew terms are being translated into Greek, we can tell the audience is probably Greek-speaking. This might explain why this Gospel is more generally focused on the world (“for God so loved the world…”, “The Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world”, “the light of the world”) and Jesus has more disputes with the Jewish authorities.

the stuff
~Are you baptized with the Holy Spirit? This is the most important question. Some people will say that when this happens, supernatural events happen like weird languages coming from your mouth. The Gospel of John agrees with Romans 8 in that when the Holy Spirit comes into your life the overwhelming feeling is a deep assurance that you are a child of God. Don't worry about the other stuff, has the Spirit testified to your spirit that you are a child of God? Luke 11 says that God gives the Spirit to anyone who asks – so ask. If you would like to pray with someone else, I’ll come pray with you.

~Jesus transforms the world, not just a small group of people, not just the church, not just the rich and healthy, but the world. This Gospel thing is for everyone and all creation. This freedom from brokenness and hurt and everything just screwing up all the time is available to everyone – and its available to you. Jesus is doing something meta. It transcends our selves, our families, our churches, our nation. And, if our eyes are so small we think Jesus blesses me and mine only, we will miss what Jesus is doing. This thing is big and it will touch everyone. Where are your eyes too small? Have you excluded the good news from some people? Are God’s enemies your enemies? Does God bless only those who you want God to bless? If so, your picture of God and the Gospel is too small. You are missing out on what Jesus is doing.

~Andrew brings his brother to Jesus – because when you find something amazing like the Messiah who baptizes with the Holy Spirit, the Son of God, who was before John the Baptist even though Jesus is technically younger, you follow that guy and invite others as well. How could you not?